Use of Sintering to Immobilize Toxic Metals Present in Galvanic Sludge into a Stabile Glass-Ceramic Structure

  • Ivan Krstić Faculty of Occupational Safety, University of Nis
  • Slavica Zec VINČA Institute of Nuclear Sciences
  • Vesna Lazarević Military hospital Nis
  • Miodrag Stanisavljević High Technical School of Professional Studies
  • Tatjana Golubović Faculty of Occupational Safety, University of Nis


Galvanization process requires the use a large amount of water and produces wastewaters that are usually purified by conventional cost-effective procedure. This kind of treatment generates waste sludge which becomes a hazardous if is not properly stabilized. Hence, the aim of this paper is to investigate the characteristics of galvanic sludge through the inspection of its physicochemical parameters and consider stabilization of waste materials, including waste glass and aluminum slag by their conversion into an eco-designed material referred to as glass ceramics. The obtained products have been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD). XRD analyses confirmed occurrence of chemical and phase transformations in treated galvanic sludge and binding of toxic metals (Al3+, Cr3+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Zn2+) into crystalline phases and very sTab. structure.