Sintering of Fly Ash Based Composites with Zeolite and Bentonite Addition for Application in Construction Materials

  • Anja Terzić Institute for Material Testing
  • Nataša Đorđević Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
  • Miodrag Mitrić Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade
  • Smilja Marković Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA
  • Katarina Đorđević Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Belgrade
  • Vladimir B. Pavlović Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA


Due to pozzolanic characteristics, fly ash is commonly used as a cement replacement in construction composites. Addition of natural clays with sorption ability (i.e. zeolite and bentonite) in to the fly ash based construction materials is of both scientific and industrial interest. Namely, due to the application of sorptive clay minerals, it is possible to immobilize toxic heavy metals from the composite structure. The thermal compatibility of fly ash and zeolite, as well as fly ash and bentonite, within the composite was observed during sintering procedure. The starting components were used in 1:1 ratio and they were applied without additional mechanical treatment. The used compaction pressure for the tablets was 2 t·cm-2. The sintering process was conducted at 1000 ºC and 1200 ºC for two hours in the air atmosphere. The mineralogical phase composition of the non-treated and sintered samples was analyzed using X-ray diffraction method. Scanning electron microscopy was applied in the analysis of the microstructure of starting and sintered samples. The thermal behavior was observed via DTA method. The influence of temperature on the properties of fly ash-zeolite and fly ash-bentonite composites was investigated.