Ecologically Friendly Chitosan-montmorillonite Bio-nanocomposite as Adsorbent for Textile Dyes from Aqueous Solutions
The bio-nanocomposite of montmorillonite and natural biopolymer chitosan (C-MM) was synthesized. Intercalation of chitosan in form of monolayer into the interlamellar space of montmorillonite was confirmed by XRD and IR analysis. The adsorption of textile dyes: Acid Yellow 99 (AY99), Acid Orange 10 (AO10) and Reactive Black 5 (RB5) onto C-MM was investigated. The adsorption was performed with the respect to adsorption time, pH and initial dye concentration. The kinetics of adsorption obeyed pseudo-second-order of kinetics and was the most efficient in acidic pH. Langmuir model best described the adsorption of AY99 and AO10 , while RB5 adsorption isotherm was best fitted with Freundlich model.
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