Combined Magnetic and Structural Characterization of Hidrothermal Bismuth Ferrite (BiFeO3) Nanoparticles
Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) was synthesized by hydrothermal method. The crystal and magnetic structures of BiFeO3 have been studied by means of X-ray diffraction and neutron powder diffraction at ambient temperature. Microstructure was analysed by scanning electron microscopy. Quantitative phase analysis by the Rietveld method was conducted and crystallite sizes of 27 nm were determined from the XRD line broadening. The magnetic structure of BiFeO3 is described by the G-type antiferromagnetic order with magnetic peak located at 4.6 Å and a noticeable magnetic contribution to a reﬂection located at 2.4 Å in the diffraction pattern. The values of the ordered magnetic moment of Fe ions μFe=3.8(1) μB, obtained at ambient conditions, are consistent with those determined earlier. The magnetic moments in the crystal plane z = const are arranged in parallel, changing the direction from  to [1 ̅1 ̅0] when moving from one to the other z = const plane.
Authors retain copyright of the published article and have the right to use the article in the ways permitted to third parties under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Full bibliographic information (authors, article title, journal title, volume, issue, pages) about the original publication must be provided and a link must be made to the article's DOI. This license allows to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, remix, transform, and build upon it for any purpose, even commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given to the original author(s), a link to the license is provided and it is indicated if changes were made.