Analysis of the Initial-Stage Sintering of Mechanically Activated SrTiO3
The initial-stage of sintering plays a significant role in determining the final microstructure that defines the main characteristics of electroceramics materials such as functional properties. In this article non-isothermal sintering of non-activated and mechanically activated SrTiO3 samples was investigated up to 1300 oC. Dilatometric curves indicate that mechanical activation leads to an earlier onset of sintering, suggesting that it should lead to a more homogenous and denser sintered product. Analysis of the initial stage of sintering reveals that the sintering process of all examinated samples consists of twо or three overlapping single-step processes, with a change in the dominant mass transport mechanism. The values of apparent activation energy of the considered single-step process exhibit a significant decrease with an increase in mechanical activation time. The values of the density of samples after isothermal sintering indicate that the final stage of sintering has not been reached by 1300 oC.
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