Novel Approach for Determination of Potentially Toxic Elements via ICP–OES in Aqueous Solutions of Building Materials with Industrial Byproduct Addition

  • Nevenka Mijatović Institute for Testing of Materials IMS
  • Anja Terzić Institute for Testing of Materials IMS
  • Lato Pezo Institute of General and Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade
  • Ljiljana Miličić Institute for Testing of Materials IMS
  • Aleksandra Milosavljević Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor
  • Dragana Živojinović Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade


New global tendencies for waste materials reusing in building materials are imposing the request for improved performances of chemical analysis methods and the improvements of matrices used. A new method for optical emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-OES) is developed and validated for the chemical analysis (35 elements: Al, Be, Cd, So, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, Mo, Zn, Pb , Bi, Si, Zr, W, As, Se, Sb, Sn, Ti, Ba, B, Ag, Mg, Ca, K, Na, S, P, Ga, In, Li) in leachate of fly ash. Validation performances and the uncertainty оf measurement were resolved. Uncertainty оf measurements were resolved by three routes: validation procedure, participation in proficiency testing (PT) schemes and standard method. The obtained method is a new simple and effective analyzing route for determination of undesired trace elements and their quantity comprised in leachates of fly ash, and leachates of building materials with addition of fly ash (cement binders and mortars). In order to prove its accuracy and precision, the developed method was employed on laboratory samples of cement binders and mortars. Results were compared with limit values provided in the standard. Multivariate analyses, i.e. cluster analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to establish interrelations between analyzed samples, and to certify the developed ICP-OES method.