In-situ Formation and Densification of MgAl2O4–Y3Al5O12 and MgAl2O4–MgNb2O6 Ceramics via a Single-stage SRS Process
MgAl2O4(MA)–Y3Al5O12(YAG) and MA-MgNb2O6(MN) ceramics with high density were successfully fabricated via a single-stage solid-state reaction sintering (SRS) process at 1580 °C for 4 h. The effect of Y2O3 or Nb2O5 additions from 2.5 wt% to 7.5 wt% on the phase compositions, microstructures, shrinkage ratio, apparent porosity, bulk density and cold compressive strength of MA–YAG and MA–MN ceramics has been investigated. It was found that MgO and Y2O3 reacted with Al2O3 to form MA and YAG during sintering while Nb2O5 reacted with MgO to form MN. YAG and MA grains in the MA–YAG ceramics exist as granular shape, and their average grain size is about 1 μm and 5 μm, respectively. YAG grains distribute on the intergranular space of MA particles. Polygonal MA particles can be observed in the MA–MN ceramics, and MN grains distribute on the intergranular space of MA particles as well as on MA particles. Rod-like MN grains can be formed in the MA–MN ceramics by addition of 7.5wt% Nb2O5. The diameter shrinkage ratio, volume shrinkage ratio, bulk density and cold compressive strength of MA–YAG and MA–MN ceramics are greatly improved by doping Y2O3 and Nb2O5, respectively.
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